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Environmental Monitoring

2018:  MARCH

July 2017 Issue

Briefing on Climate Change
And National Security

The American Security Project (ASP) and the Center for Climate & Security held a briefing on Capitol Hill on climate change and its implications for national security. The panel included VAdm. Dennis McGinn, USN (retired); BGen. Stephen Cheney, USMC (retired); and BG David McGinnis, USA (retired). The discussion was moderated by ASP’s Senior Fellow for Energy and Climate Andrew Holland.

McGinn began the conversation by explaining what climate security is, and the potential impacts it may have on U.S. military installations and missions around the world. One such example was increased flooding of Norfolk Naval Base, where sea level rise interrupts training and detracts from military readiness.

Cheney discussed the global security implications of climate change in areas such as Bangladesh, where a slight rise in sea level will flood an area inhabited by millions of people, thus forcing a mass exodus that will put tremendous stress on our allies in Europe. Additionally, he discussed one of the most clear examples of climate security: the Syrian civil war and the Arab Spring. As ASP has shown, the political unrest, which manifested in the Arab Spring, was directly tied to increasing global food prices. These food prices were sent skyrocketing because of a wheat shortage, which developed due to extreme weather events linked to climate change.

McGinnis spoke on a range of issues, including the role of the National Guard, which can provide logistical, material and security assistance on a massive scale or in rapid fashion—essential to dealing with the effects of climate change.

EU Funds Platform to Integrate
Mediterranean Systems

The European Union has awarded the international ODYSSEA consortium €8.4 million to develop an interoperable and cost-effective platform that fully integrates networks of observation and forecasting systems across the Mediterranean basin.

The ODYSSEA platform will collect information from databases maintained by agencies, public authorities, research institutions and universities.

The 4.5-year project is aimed at making Mediterranean marine data easily accessible and tailored to the needs of multiple maritime sector end-users. These include wind farms, mariculture, ocean energy, oil and gas extraction, undersea cables, ports and shipping, and policy.

HydroCAT-EP Measures Water
Quality for Long Deployments

The new Sea-Bird HydroCAT-EP is designed to maximize sustained water quality measurement accuracy in high-fouling environments over long deployments. The HydroCAT-EP’s conductivity, dissolved oxygen and pH sensors are protected within the pumped internal flow path by EPA-approved anti-foulant devices. The integral pump minimizes the exposure of these sensors to environmental waters, significantly reducing the impact of biofouling on sensor performance and drift. The combination chlorophyll-and-turbidity sensor is protected from biofouling by a copper faceplate and wiper.

As part of HydroCAT-EP field tests, an extended deployment was carried out at Shilshole Bay in Seattle, Washington. The HydroCAT-EP was co-deployed with an SBE 37-SMP-ODO MicroCAT CTD + DO recorder. Periodic measurements were made with an SBE 19plus V2 CTD equipped with an SBE 43 dissolved oxygen sensor. Intercomparison results show the accuracy and stability of the HydroCAT-EP and highlight the lack of maintenance required to sustain high-quality data.

CTG Hydrocarbon Fluorometer
For Post-Spill Monitoring

Ag Solve, Brazil was called to the scene of an accident involving a large oil tanker on the Bandeirantes Highway, Sao Paulo, Brazil. The spill of 30,000 liters of diesel oil caused soil and water contamination. Ag Solve used a CTG Uvilux to track the pollutant in the surrounding rivers.

The water after the accident registered 60 to 70 hydrocarbon units. The lake that supplies the city also had high hydrocarbon readings. A survey of the city of Indaiatuba found the tap water contained 80 units of hydrocarbons.

Veslink Certified as Solution
For EU MRV Regulation

Veson Nautical announced that Verifavia, an emissions verification company for the transport sector (aviation and shipping), officially certified its Veslink Voyage Reporting system as a solution for the EU’s upcoming Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) regulation.

Veslink Voyage Reporting streamlines data collection and distribution from vessels, operators, agents and counterparties.

According to the EU Commission for Climate Action, maritime transport emits around 1 billion tonnes of CO2 annually and is responsible for approximately 2.5 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Because ships’ energy consumption and CO2 emissions could be reduced by up to 75 percent by applying updated operational measures and using existing technologies, all shipowners with vessels exceeding 5,000 GT are required to provide monitoring plans to an accredited verifier by August 30, 2017.

Heineken Partners for
Greener Shipping

HEINEKEN Netherlands, foodstuff distributor Nedcargo, and GoodFuels, the first marine biofuel company focused on the global commercial shipping fleet, have launched a joint pilot initiative to demonstrate the significant advantages of operating inland transport barges using sustainable drop-in marine fuel.

The initiative will see advanced marine fuel supplied by GoodFuels containing 30 percent biofuel on board the 104-TEU barge For Ever, an inland barge transporting Heineken export beer from the HEINEKEN brewery in Zoeterwoude to the deep-sea terminals in Rotterdam. The transportation of the beer will dramatically reduce CO2 emissions by more than 25 percent, while also sharply reducing harmful local emissions such as nitrogen oxide and particulate matter.

The project will showcase the possibility of reducing emissions of inland waterway transport without any vessel modification.

2018:  MARCH

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